Before 1859, there was no uniform code of civil procedure. There were different systems of civil procedure in different parts of the country. The first uniform code of civil procedure was enacted in 1859 and than after another code was enacted in 1877 and 1882, which was also amended from time to time.
In the year 1908 the present code of civil procedure was enacted. Civil Procedure Code is an adjunctive law to facilitate justice and further its ends. Though equally important procedural law are generally applied in a tolerant manner when compared to substantive laws. The main object of civil procedure code can be summarized as three fold:
• A litigant should get a fair trial in accordance with the accepted principles of natural justice.
• Every effort should be made to expedite the disposal of civil suits and proceedings, so that justice may not be delayed.
• The procedure should not be complicated.
In India the Civil Procedure Code, 1908 is an exhaustive code encompassing all the areas governing the field relating to the civil laws like Transfer of Property Act, Contract Act and so on. The code acts as guideline which smoothen the complexity of the civil laws.
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